What is neurosyphilis and ocular syphilis?

2019-03-31T00:01:14+00:00

Syphilis can invade the nervous system at any stage of infection, and causes a wide range of symptoms, including headache, altered behavior, difficulty coordinating muscle movements, paralysis, sensory deficits, and dementia.3 This invasion of the nervous system is called “neurosyphilis. Like neurosyphilis, ocular syphilis can occur at any stage of infection. Ocular syphilis can involve almost [...]

What is neurosyphilis and ocular syphilis?2019-03-31T00:01:14+00:00

What are the signs and symptoms of syphilis during the tertiary stage?

2019-03-31T00:00:28+00:00

Tertiary syphilis is rare and develops in a subset of untreated syphilis infections;, it can appear 10–30 years after infection was first acquired, and it can be fatal. Tertiary syphilis can affect multiple organ systems, including the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints. Symptoms of tertiary syphilis vary depending on the [...]

What are the signs and symptoms of syphilis during the tertiary stage?2019-03-31T00:00:28+00:00

What are the signs and symptoms of syphilis during the latent stage?

2019-03-30T23:59:46+00:00

The latent (hidden) stage of syphilis is a period of time when there are no visible signs or symptoms of syphilis. Without treatment, the infected person will continue to have syphilis in their body even though there are no signs or symptoms. Early latent syphilis is latent syphilis where infection occurred within the past 12 months. Late latent [...]

What are the signs and symptoms of syphilis during the latent stage?2019-03-30T23:59:46+00:00

What are the signs and symptoms of syphilis during the secondary stage?

2019-03-30T23:59:11+00:00

Skin rashes and/or mucous membrane lesions (sores in the mouth, vagina, or anus) mark the second stage of symptoms. This stage typically starts with the development of a rash on one or more areas of the body. Rashes associated with secondary syphilis can appear when the primary chancre is healing or several weeks after the [...]

What are the signs and symptoms of syphilis during the secondary stage?2019-03-30T23:59:11+00:00

What are the signs and symptoms of syphilis during the primary stage?

2019-03-30T23:58:40+00:00

The appearance of a single chancre marks the primary (first) stage of syphilis symptoms, but there may be multiple sores. The chancre is usually (but not always) firm, round, and painless. It appears at the location where syphilis entered the body. These painless chancres can occur in locations that make them difficult to notice (e.g., [...]

What are the signs and symptoms of syphilis during the primary stage?2019-03-30T23:58:40+00:00

What is the treatment for syphilis?

2019-03-30T23:56:11+00:00

For detailed treatment recommendations, please refer to the 2015 CDC STD Treatment Guidelines. The recommended treatment for adults and adolescents with primary, secondary, or early latent syphilis is  Benzathine penicillin G 2.4 million units administered intramuscularly in a single dose. The recommended treatment for adults and adolescents with late latent syphilis or latent syphilis of unknown [...]

What is the treatment for syphilis?2019-03-30T23:56:11+00:00

How can syphilis be prevented?

2019-03-30T23:54:42+00:00

Correct and consistent use of latex condoms can reduce the risk of syphilis when the infected area or site of potential exposure is protected. However, a syphilis sore outside of the area covered by a latex condom can still allow transmission, so caution should be exercised even when using a condom. The surest way to [...]

How can syphilis be prevented?2019-03-30T23:54:42+00:00

Who should be tested for syphilis?

2019-03-30T23:52:49+00:00

Any person with signs or symptoms suggestive of syphilis should be tested for syphilis. Also, anyone with an oral, anal, or vaginal sex partner who has been recently diagnosed with syphilis should be tested for syphilis. Some people should be tested (screened) for syphilis even if they do not have symptoms or know of a [...]

Who should be tested for syphilis?2019-03-30T23:52:49+00:00

Will syphilis recur?

2019-03-30T23:51:20+00:00

After appropriate treatment, syphilis does not recur. However, having syphilis once does not protect a person from becoming infected again. Even following successful treatment, people can be reinfected. Patients with signs or symptoms that persist or recur or who have a sustained fourfold increase in nontreponemal test titer probably failed treatment or were reinfected. These [...]

Will syphilis recur?2019-03-30T23:51:20+00:00

What is the link between syphilis and HIV?

2019-03-30T23:49:13+00:00

In the United States, approximately half of men who have sex with men (MSM) with primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis were also living with HIV.2 In addition, MSM who are HIV-negative and diagnosed with P&S syphilis are more likely to be infected with HIV in the future. 6 Genital sores caused by syphilis make it easier to transmit [...]

What is the link between syphilis and HIV?2019-03-30T23:49:13+00:00